What can you do to reduce the risk of heart disease?
A number of factors increase a person’s risk of heart disease. There are two types of risk factors; non-modifiable risk factors and modifiable risk factors.
Non-modifiable risk factors
- Family history: The likelihood of heart disease is greater where there is family history of heart disease
- Age related risk factors: The risk of cardiac disease increases with age. The older you become, the higher the risks.
- Gender: Men are more likely to have heart attacks than women
- Menopause: Women are at a greater risk of cardiac disease after menopause
- Race: The risk of heart disease is greater in people of South Asian origin. This is associated with higher rates of diabetes in this population
Modifiable risk factors
- Smoking: You can reduce your risk of heart disease if you stop smoking
- Raised cholesterol: You can lower your cholesterol levels, LDL (bad) cholesterol and triglyceride levels through diet
- High blood pressure: You can reduce high blood pressure by exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy diet
- Diabetes: You can control your blood sugar levels by reducing your sugar intake and maintaining a healthy diet